1ST TERM 2015
STEPS TO PREPARE AND PRESENT A PROJECT:
- Choose a topic
- Look for information about it: Search the Net, read articles, books…
- Read in English and Spanish about the topic
- Take notes in English. Don´t copy literally from the Internet (try to understand). Don´t use translators such as “google translator, el Mundo translator” there is no point in using them, if you do, you will probably fail as you won´t have understood a single word.
- Select important information (I MEAN, INFORMATION WE SHOULD KNOW. Dates, apart from difficult to remember, most times are useless). Try to use your own words and vocabulary you know. If you don´t understand you won´t be able to explain it.
- Write an outline and organize your information. Make sure your script follows good storytelling conventions: give it a beginning, middle, and end.
- If you have to present a powerpoint. At any given moment, what should be on the screen is the thing you’re talking about. Your slides are the illustrations for your presentation, not the presentation itself.
- ORAL PRESENTATION
- Use the planning time to prepare what you’re going to say.
- If you are allowed to have a note card, write short notes in point form.
- Use more formal language.
- Use short, simple sentences to express your ideas clearly.
- Pause from time to time and don’t speak too quickly. This allows the listener to understand your ideas.
- Speak clearly.
- Practise your presentation. If possible record yourself and listen to your presentation. If you can’t record yourself, ask a friend to listen to you. Does your friend understand you?
- Make your opinions very clear. Use expressions to give your opinion.
- Look at the people who are listening to you.
- Write out the whole presentation and learn every word by heart.
- Write out the whole presentation and read it aloud.
- Use very informal language.
- Only look at your note card. It’s important to look up at your listeners when you are speaking.
UNIT 4. LANDMARKS
HOW TO EXPRESS FUTURE
REVISION OF VERB TENSES
If you need to revise this grammar point you can do extra practice using the following links
SYRIAN CRISIS. REFUGEES
The calamity that has befallen the people of Syria has put the entire world to shame. The image of 3-year-old Aylan Kurdi lying facedown on a beach, dead, after his family sought to escape the horrors of their country’s civil war, has touched the world. But compassion without action is pointless.
Thousands of refugees are battling European governments like Hungary and Macedonia. Desperate people are paying thousands of dollars to traffickers to take them to safety; but many have died of asphyxia after being locked in trucks that failed to reach their destination; thousands have drowned trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea.
We are living in the worst refugee crisis since World War II, and yet the truth is that world leaders have failed to manage the crisis. This situation will only become worse without drastic action: More will die, more refugees will arrive unwanted, more countries will become destabilized and, if this goes on much longer, we will have a generation of Syrians who have grown up in the kind of conditions that perpetuate conflict.
It is too late to prevent the current crisis, but there is plenty we can try to do moving forward to try to ease it. What exactly?
For a start, world leaders should convene a top-level emergency gathering to focus on the key aspects of this crisis : to stop the killing, to help the refugees and to bring an end to the war.
Arab nations must play a major role in addressing the Syrian crisis. We are all responsible. But the people of Syria are their neighbors, their brethren. The conflict is in their midst, its impact close to home.
Above all, though, it is imperative to defeat ISIS and to bring an end to the regime of al-Assad, who rejects peaceful demands for a democratic reform .
This is the moral and strategic challenge of our time. So far, the world has failed. Giving refuge to those who are fleeing the horrors of conflict is not enough. Such an enormous movement of people is further destabilizing an already unsettled region, and bringing with it a level of disruption that could very well sow the seeds for another generation of conflict and extremism.
A.- Write a definition for the following words according to their meaning in the text:
1.- to bring an end (l.18)
2.- challenge ( l.20)
3.- major (l.16)
4.- manage ( l.9)
5.- pointless (l.3)
6.- traffickers ( l.5)
7.- prevent ( l.12)
8.- plenty (l.12)
9.- fleeing ( l.21)
10.- unsettled ( l. 22)
B.- Match the words with their meanings.
8. to ease:
(a) to continue
(d) great misfortune or disaster:
(e) move (someone) to feel sympathy:
(f) to plant
(g) to struggle; try to accomplish or achieve
(h) closed ,with system of bolts moved by a key,
(i) to (cause to) become less difficult or severe
(j) to deal with or discuss
(l) the middle or central point or part.
C.- True or False? Find evidence in the text to demonstrate your answers.
1. Refugees reach Europe by their own means.
2. Refugees are very welcomed in Europe.
3. European governments have tried to solve the problem from the very beginning.
4. Arab countries haven’t been very willing to face the crisis.
D.- Answer these questions about the text.
1.- How do the people from Syria try to reach Europe?
2.-Why do the people try to flee from Syria?
3.- Why do you think the writer says that the situation in Syria can destabilize the region?
E.- Writing. Write an essay about the following topic: Should Spain give refuge to Syrian people? ( 80- 100 words)
INDEPENDENCE: SCOTLAND vs CATALONIA
CONDITIONAL SENTENCES. EXTRA PRACTICE.
2ND TERM 2o16
Grammar-ModalsAndModalPerfects_2675 (Burlington Books)
Your workbook. Use the following link to hace access to the listening activities.
WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE?. COP 21 PARIS
EL HIERRO: AN EXAMPLE
READING: WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE?
What Should We Do about Climate Change? Climate scientists are telling us that the earth is warming, we are causing it, and we should reduce carbon dioxide emissions to lessen the effects. So what should we do? Firstly, we should either use less energy, or use renewable energy sources, like solar panels. These panels are now providing energy in Europe more cheaply than nuclear generators, and without the waste products. In Australia, peak energy demand is on hot summer days, when solar energy is most abundant. So, it makes sense to use solar energy to help meet this peak demand. Most importantly, we must stop listening to disinformation. Arguments that deny the existence of climate change have been repeatedly shown to be false and misleading. Claims that climate change is a hoax, or a conspiracy, or that climate scientists have deceived the public, is an inversion of the truth. Climate change denial is false propaganda. As a matter of fact, ninety-seven percent of scientists agree that climate change is happening. The time for skepticism about climate change has passed. However, people should be encouraged to critically examine evidence and motivations. Thousands of scientists can’t have been fabricating evidence and theory for over a hundred years in a conspiracy. Perhaps there is a hidden reason. Maybe some industries could be sponsoring a disinformation campaign, because they will lose billions of dollars in profits if people use less or alternative forms of energy. Keep in mind that the cost of prevention now is less than the cost of trying to fix the damage later.
1.- Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
- a) In Australia, more energy is used in the winter.
- b) Most scientists think climate change is taking place.
2.- In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.
- a) How can global warming be solved? Give at least two possible solutions.
- b) Why are some industries against informing the public about climate change?
3.- Find the words in the text that mean:
- a) supplying (paragraph 1)
- b) maximum (paragraph 1)
- c) since (paragraph 3)
- d) repair (paragraph 3)
VIDEO LISTENING 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ben5czqyXto
Soaring: Ascending to a level markedly higher than the usual
- Answer or complete the questions and sentences
- How many countries are meeting today in Paris?
- What is the main aim of this meeting?
- There is some good news:
- The world is moving towards a strong _______ __________economy
- Governments are making more _____________to slow __________ ________
- More __________in renewable wind and solar energy.
- In Paris country leaders need to come together and take steps to _________________________________________________________________
- Paris agreements can do that in three ways:
- 1st: Long term mitigation and __________ ________ to face __________ ______ emissions and help _______ _______cope with climate impact.
- 2nd: The agreement must show countries are ________ and _________ about their actions and publically ________their progress.
- 3rd: the _______must make sure that countries _________their efforts on a regular basis.
- Paris climate summit will be a ______ ______in how the world ________to this global _______
Stories of Youth Facing Homophobia
- LISTEN TO THE U.N VIDEO
Allan, a trans teen from Barcelona commits suicide due to bullying, ‘transphobic bullying’.
Just weeks after changing his ID trans teen Allan, 17, takes his life.
Allan, a transsexual teen from Barcelona, Spain, finally succeeded this December when a magistrate gave him authorization to change the name on his legal documents. He had the support of his entire family, but lacked support from the school environment. And on Thursday, he took his own life.
Friday his mother gave the sad news to the association of transsexual children’s families Chrisallys: “It hurts my soul to have to give this terrible and sad news. Our son Alan took his short life of 17 years yesterday (Thursday). He could not handle the pressure of society and has left us forever. thank you for all the support received.
Alan, aged 17, had suffered “bullying” due to his transsexuality in his school, which made him enter in the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona diagnosed with “depression”. The young man left the hospital and moved to another school, but also suffered “bullying situations,” according to Chrisallys. Apparently, the family and the direction of the new school had already planned a meeting to “deal with this situation,” after Christmas holidays.
He could not handle the pressure from society and has left us forever “Today all Chrysallis families are with Alan and his family,” reads the condolence message released by the association. “This was the first Christmas he was living according to his identity, the first in which he had a brand new DNI, the first in which there would be house party for many years but, tragically, has proved to be the last,” explained her vice president, Saida Garcia by phone. In her view, it was “the pressure and misunderstanding in schools have defeated Alan and tonight he has decided to stop walking among us.”
Alan was one of the two Catalan children who succeeded this December amending their legal documents so the name with which they identified is on the DNI. They were the first to do so in Catalonia and in the rest of Spain only 25 other children have succeeded, even though the law states that to change the name on the ID one must be of age and have mandatory medical reports.
In what ways do these young people experience isolation and loneliness?
What role do parents play in their children’s acceptance of self?
What role do friends play in the acceptance of self?
In what ways do these stories describe what could happen to a student at your school?
What could be done to make school a more positive place for the students telling these stories? What could you do to make school a more positive place?
3rd TERM 2016